Dalio's Five Decisions to Making the Right Choices
First : Understand how to manage pain to produce progress vs. allow pain to stand in the way of their progress.
Pushing yourself out of your comfort zone is how you grow as a person. As with lifting heavier weights, the more difficult and uncomfortable situations you put yourself in, the more opportunities you give yourself to succeed. But it isn't enough to just put yourself in these situations, you have to manage the pain that comes about whether it be facing the problem head-on or some other another way. Adapting to the new situation leads to more strength.
You will never make any significant progress if you do this. Develop a reaction of reflection to a problem rather than a flight or flee response.
Pain + Reflection = Progress
Learn to see the reality of the situation without creating distorted pictures of what you want the situation to be. Your judgment can be negatively affected by false pictures.
Third: Worry about achieving the goal vs. Worrying about appearing good.
This one is about getting to the heart of the matter. What good does it do to appear to be smart or know the answer to something when you truthfully do not? Not only does this hinder progress, it also means you avoid acknowledging your weaknesses. The difficulty in doing this is that it can be very painful. However, once you are able to recognize these weaknesses, you will be able to work towards dealing with them or turning them into strengths.
Fourth: Make their decisions on the basis of first-,second-and third-order consequences. vs. Make their decisions on the basis of first-order consequences.
Take a look at the bigger picture. Nature will throw trick choices at you and penalize those who base their decisions off of first-order consequences alone.
Fifth: Hold themselves accountable vs. Don't hold themselves accountable
In ultimate and final summary,